Showing posts with label Research. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Research. Show all posts

Friday, 12 February 2010

Recycled Architecture - your examples wanted

Parts of Robert Adam’s Bowood House are at Lloyd’s in the City of London, relics of Carlton House are in Windsor Great Park and a William Kent archway (shown here) from Northumberland House is improbably located down a side street in East London, yards from where fragments of the Euston Arch were recovered last year (and even less distance from the Blackwall Tunnel Northern Approach and its thundering traffic).

The Georgian Group is compiling a database of recycled architecture. Do you know of building material, or fixtures and fittings such as joinery, that has been moved at any time from a Georgian building (for these purposes 1660-1840) and erected or incorporated elsewhere? If so please let us know, preferably with documentary references or other evidence. All suppliers of information that is used will be credited in the database, which we intend in due course to make available online.  Contact Michael Bidnell, 6 Fitzroy Square, London W1T 5DX,, tel 020 7529 8928.

Tuesday, 12 January 2010

Revealed architecture - your views wanted

We’re looking for unusual views of Georgian buildings - especially those temporarily revealed by new development, which can often provide a rare opportunity to record elevations and details that are usually obscured. Sometimes the architect might never have intended them to be on view, in other instances they will have been hidden by later development, but in either case we are interested in receiving your pictures, current or historic, of revealed Georgian architecture.
To kick off, we reproduce this image of the east elevation of 22 Arlington Street, off Piccadilly, designed by William Kent for The Hon. Henry Pelham in the early 1740s. Once known as Wimborne House and now as Kent House, the building was recently acquired by The Ritz Hotel. Our photograph, courtesy of Donald Insall Associates, dates from 1975 and shows a rare long view of the east elevation during the building of Eagle Star House, which has obscured the house from the street for the past thirty-five years. Donald Insall restored the elevation during the Eagle Star construction project and one might hope that further redevelopment of the Eagle Star site will allow Kent House to be visible once more from Arlington Street.

Please send your examples with as much relevant annotation as you can provide to

Sunday, 10 January 2010

New research renews calls for the retention of original sash windows

For the first time in England, scientific evidence is available to counter some of the misconceptions about the energy efficiency of original timber sash windows, a unique feature of England’s built heritage which is under threat and fast disappearing.

English Heritage has released the findings of a study into the thermal performance of traditional sash windows using a 2x2 timber sliding sash window dating which had been rescued from a skip. The results showed that even the simplest repair and basic improvements would bring significant reduction of draughts and heat loss and that using a combination of these methods would upgrade a window to meet Building Regulations targets.

The principal findings are that:
  • simple repairs to mend cracks and eliminate gaps can significantly reduce the amount of air infiltration or draughts. On the window that was tested, air infiltration was reduced by one third;
  • air infiltration through a sash window in good condition can be reduced by as much as 86% by adding draught proofing;
  • heat loss through contact with the glass and frames can be significantly reduced by adopting simple measures like closing thick curtains and plain roller blinds. In the test, heat loss was reduced by 41% and 38% respectively;
  • more elaborate measures reduce heat loss even more and can improve windows to meet modern Building Regulations, which target a U value for windows of 2 or below. In a test with good quality secondary glazing, this value was 1.7. Well-fitted, closed shutters also produce similarly good results. The best result is when the two methods are used together, resulting in a 62% reduction in heat loss and a U-value of 1.6.
The research comes at a time when many public and privately owned historic buildings will be subject to refurbishment and retro-fitting to improve their energy performance in order to meet the Government’s ambitious climate change targets.

Dr Simon Thurley, Chief Executive of English Heritage, said: “It is very encouraging to see that more buildings are being refurbished to meet modern energy requirements, but all too often a drastic and insensitive approach has led to the degradation of our streetscapes. Many original timber sash windows have lasted more than two hundred years and are capable of lasting another century.  This piece of research provides the hard evidence that shows how easy it is to upgrade them and supports our call for their retention.”

Chris Wood, Head of Building Conservation and Research Team at English Heritage, who commissioned the research at Glasgow Caledonian University, said: “There is a lot of misunderstanding about the potential for historic buildings to be brought up to date. We hope this research will herald serious rethinking, and help homeowners and local authorities refurbish historic buildings with the confidence that modern standards can be met without compromising historic character.”

Read the full report.